The Joint Ventures Law In Canada And How Canadian Taxes Apply

canadian business law

Any foreign business enterprises can joint efforts with a Canadian enterprise and form a joint venture in order to carry on specific activities or business on the territory of Canada. Joint ventures have different structures that can take form in different ways, and such, joint ventures laws in Canada will apply taxes based on the type of structure they have.

What is a joint venture?

A joint venture comes to existence when two or more partners decide to make an agreement where they share resources and contribute to a common business venture. These resources might be capital, services or skills. A joint venture does not represent a separate legal entity in Canada, and such, there are no formal regulations to govern it, as contractual obligations usually govern joint ventures. However, the Canadian law will tax each partner depending on several conditions and based on the structure if the joint venture.

Types of taxations

A Canadian joint venture may be present in the form of a Canadian corporation in which the parties hold shares based on the agreed proportions. In this case, the Canadian state will tax the corporation and its income as if it was a Canadian resident corporation. In the case that the Canadian participants hold at least half the shares of the joint venture, then then it may benefit from some tax reductions which depend on both the federal rate and the provincial rate. For example, a Canadian corporation with at least half the shares owned by the Canadian participants will benefit from a reduced rate of tax of 13.5 percent in British Columbia, 14 percent in Alberta, 16 percent in Ontario and 19 percent in Quebec.

There are also tax rate reductions for small businesses in the form of the small business rate, although Canadian joint ventures that have a capital of more than 10 million dollars will have a less reduction than corporations with less. The small business rate will be reduced in a straight line fashion, and Canadian corporations with more than 15 million dollars capital will not be eligible for the tax reduction. The capital that is taxable represents the sum of the equity of all the shareholders and the secured debt minus the equity investments and the debt in other corporations.

The joint venture may also be formed as a partnership consisting of Canadian and foreign partners. In this case, Canada will not tax the partnership directly, but it will tax each partner based on his profits. Each participant is taxed on the partner level because all members of the partnership are considered to be carrying out business in Canada. In the case that a foreign enterprise that is member of a partnership has a permanent establishment such as an office or a factory, then that partner will be taxable in Canada depending on its share of the total profits of the partnership. This is due to the fact that the foreign enterprise is considered to have been carrying business directly as a Canadian branch.

Sound Advice on Student Loans

student-loans
Student loans are suddenly becoming newsworthy and the news usually isn’t good. There is an abundance of horror stories of student who are so far into debt that they just don’t see a way out. But you can avoid costly mistake by planning wisely and educating yourself about student loans. the advice below is a great starting point.

When it comes to student loans, make sure you only borrow what you need. Consider the amount you need by taking a look at your total expenses. Factor in items like the cost of living, the cost of college, your financial aid awards, your family’s contributions, etc. You’re not required to accept a loan’s entire amount.

If you have taken a student loan out and you are moving, be sure to let your lender know. It is important for your lender to be able to contact you at all times. They will not be too happy if they have to go on a wild goose chase to find you.

student loan debt

Once you leave school and are on your feet you are expected to start paying back all of the loans that you received. There is a grace period for you to begin repayment of your student loan. It is different from lender to lender, so make sure that you are aware of this.

Know what you’re signing when it comes to student loans. Work with your student loan adviser. Ask them about the important items before signing. These include how much the loans are, what kind of interest rates they will have, and if you those rates can be lowered. You also need to know your monthly payments, their due dates, and any additional fees.

Keep good records on all of your student loans and stay on top of the status of each one. One easy way to do this is to log onto nslds.ed.gov. This is a website that keep s track of all student loans and can display all of your pertinent information to you. If you have some private loans, they will not be displayed. Regardless of how you keep track of your loans, do be sure to keep all of your original paperwork in a safe place.

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Protecting Yourself in Real Estate Investment

real-estate-investing

Real estate is booming in many markets, and so more and more people are eyeing the potential profits there. If you are thinking about making money in real estate, then knowledge is essential. Keep reading to discover some great tips to help with your real estate endeavors.

Prior to making a real estate investment, know what kind of investment you’re interested in. You might find that flipping homes suits you, or perhaps commercial properties appeal to you. Or, maybe you like the challenge of rehab projects where you rebuild from scratch. Each takes different work, so know what you like and hone your skills.

Careful not to overextend in terms of buying property. Real estate investing is very exciting, and sometimes it can get the better of you. You may bite off more than you can fiscally chew. Know your numbers and your budgets and stick with them. Even if it seems like an easy flip, don’t go past your budget!

home-ownership investment

Always be on time when you set up a meeting with a potential client. This will indicate that you mean business and will show no disrespect to your potential customer. Coming to a meeting late shows that you are unorganized and do not care about your customers, which will cause you to lose them.

Keep with a specific niche that you like. If you concentrate on a particular piece of the market, it is simpler to become successful. Whether you plan to flip a house, purchase a rental property or buy foreclosure, you should buy what you know.

When you are investing in real estate, make sure not to get emotionally attached. You are strictly trying to turn the most profit possible so try to put all your efforts into the renovation of the home that you purchase and maximizing value in the future. This will help you to make the most profit.

Get to know other investors in your local real estate market. Get advice from people with experience. Friends who know about investing in real estate can be a great asset. You can find like-minded people by looking online. Partake in the online forums and attend meetings.

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A Novice’s Guide To Learning About Forex

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One might think that the more competitive a field is, the lower your odds of success become. But when dealing with the Foreign Exchange Market, the opposite is actually true. More people trading money means more potential profits for you. However, you have to know how to take advantage of the opportunity. Here are some great tips on the topic.

If you want to be a forex trader, you need to choose a forex broker. To make the best decision possible, you’ll want to check online reviews of prospective brokers, as well as checking their background and regulatory agency. Selecting an ideal broker is the first step to making a fortune with forex.

If you end up with a big loss, get out for a while. Take a break. Many FOREX traders lose sight of their trading plans when hit with a big loss. They end up trying to “get revenge’ on the market by working exclusively with the same currency – that was used at the time of the loss – to try to recover.

 

infographic-forex-trading

A good forex trading tip is to be aware of your intentions. If you’re decision to become a forex trader is because you desperately need the money, then you’re in it for the wrong reasons. Having a genuine interest in trading is what makes a good forex trader.

A great Forex trading tip is to not worry too much about what other traders are doing. You might be comfortable with a three percent risk, taking in five percent profits every month, while another trader might be comfortable with four times the amount of risk and profit. It’s best not to compete with other traders.

When trading on your Forex, always be educated about your risk versus reward ration. This is an extremely important piece of math to consider. The amount you are trying to gain should far exceed the amount you will potentially lose. If you could potentially gain 30 but potentially lose 25, this is not worth the risk.

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Personal Injury Cases And How To Approach Them

personal injury

If you’ve got a personal injury, you’re aware that it’s crucial to obtain a good settlement for it. However, you must be aware of how to go about getting what you have coming to you. Don’t just trust your instincts; instead, use the advice you’re about to read to make your case go much more smoothly.

As soon as the accident happens, write down everything you can think of. It is the details which ensure your case is tried fairly, and those details may become foggy over time. Especially where fault isn’t obvious, knowing all of the details can alter the view of the person presiding over your case.

You should write down the details of your accident and describe your injuries carefully. Be sure to note cuts, scrapes, bruises, broken bones and so on. Include any bruises which come up the next day too. You should think about your mental state as well. For example, take note of any fears about driving in the future.

Look towards your friends and family members for advice on the personal injury attorney to choose. Make sure that they know someone who specializes in this field or who has successfully represented them in the past. This will give you the best chance for success in regards to your particular case.

When searching for a lawyer to represent you in a personal injury case, you should first be careful to avoid “ambulance chasers”. Check with your local bar association for a list of reputable attorneys. Then outline the details of your case to the prospective attorney and follow any advice you are given.

Before you commit to a personal injury lawyer, sit down for an initial consultation with them and have them break down what they will do for you. The object when choosing a personal injury lawyer is for you to feel comfortable with them, especially since you are probably dealing with a sensitive matter.

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Sports Lawyers or Attorneys

Sports are one of the greatest passions in life, which consequently makes it a hotbed for trouble. After all, there’s always a chance for conflicts to arise whenever an individual’s actions, behavior, or words are prompted by passion.

What can a sports lawyer protect you from?

The first thing you should know is that a sports lawyer does not only defend athletes. They can also be help to other kinds of individuals commonly involved with sports and these include but are not limited to sports fans, officials, coaching staff, team owners, and even former players.

To give you a better idea of how a sports attorney can be of help, here are several cases in which their services will prove very handy.

  • Reputation management. Sports lawyers can make sure that your name or reputation is cleared from vile rumors as well as slanderous or libelous claim to ensure that you do not suffer from the loss or withdrawal of sponsorships or sports scholarships.
  • Participation. They can also help prove the validity of your application or entry in sports competitions and organizations.
  • Personal injuries. A sports attorney can also help prove that you deserve compensation for injuries you have suffered that are not “part of the game”.
  • Rights. In many cases, being an athlete puts you under obligation to your team. However, your responsibilities as an athlete should never override your personal rights. You cannot, for instance, be forced to continue playing if you have been proven to be seriously or terminally sick.
  • Contesting or challenging calls or results. Sports lawyers can help in determining whether you have a solid case for contesting a particular call or result that affects you as an athlete.
  • Contracts. Sports attorneys can ensure that you fully understand the terms and conditions you would agree to before signing a contract. On the other hand, they can also help you do the opposite by wiggling away from your contractual duties because of a loophole.

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A Legion Of Tips If You Must Find A Lawyer

If you’ve determined that you need an attorney, you might be feeling a bit uneasy. You might be inclined to rush, which is utterly unwise. You need help. This piece offers great advice when it comes to hiring and working with lawyers, to ensure the best possible outcome. Continue reading to find the answers you seek.

Be sure that you can always contact your lawyer. Many people who hire lawyers complain about the difficulty of reaching their lawyers. If you lawyer is out of pocket, you could be left in a quandary.

Talk to a lawyer about their history. A licensed lawyer does not guarantee that he or she is a good one. Be sure that you find out what his track record is like so you can feel confident of his ability to do a good job for you.

TIP! You need to get a good lawyer immediately if you have been accused of a major crime. You should avoid saying anything personal to your lawyer because this could cause you to harm your chances of winning.

You should know that your lawyer cannot reveal what you tell him in confidence. Your lawyer is not supposed to share anything you say, including things that would work against you in the context of your case.

You need to speak with your lawyer about the best time for you to work together. Many attorneys get hired then they disappear without contacting their clients for extended periods of time. Getting a schedule put together in the beginning will assist you in the future.

Pay attention to your lawyer’s advice, but also make it clear they work for you. If you are uncomfortable about something, you should not hesitate to say so. Although you lawyer wants the best for you, keep in mind that your case is not the only one they are working on.

Tips on finding a lawyer

Don’t hire a lawyer who comes to you. These guys are usually scammers and will take you for a ride, making your issue worse than it already is. Do a little research and be sure you hire a good lawyer according to what you need.

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Court Reporter Career

court reporting

What Is the Court Reporter Career all About?

First of all, what is a court reporter? A court reporter’s main duty is to attend legal proceedings, meetings and public speaking events and take word-for-word notes of everything that is said. That is because it is necessary at times to revisit an older case or meeting and analyze what was said then.

Typically, a court reporter sits in the room and takes notes, having various tools to help him/her catch all the words, for example stenographic machines, steno masks, audio equipment and voice silencers. It may also be needed that copies be made and handed out to all the involved parties or maybe to the general public also.

Tasks that a court reporter is responsible with:

  • To attend events for which written transcripts must be taken
  • Make recordings of spoken dialogue using specialized equipment (covered microphones)
  • Report actions and gestures
  • Review notes to check speaker names and technical terminology
  • Make transcripts ready for the record
  • Verify transcripts for typographical errors
  • Make copies of the transcripts available to the court, counsels and the involved parties

Court reporters who actually work in courts also get involved in organizing the record and searching for data in it, thus providing help to the judges and trial attorneys.

Why Become a Court Reporter


There also are court reporters who do not work in courtrooms. Their duty is also to transcribe speech to writing. They usually serve people who are unable to hear what is spoken by providing closed captions for TV programs. They can also have to transcribe speech for the deaf and acoustically impaired during meetings.

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So You Want to be a Criminal Lawyer

criminal defence attorney

How to become a Criminal Lawyer

When it comes to the rights of an individual as well as the masses, the legal system plays a fundamental role in their protection. Working within the profession has always been viewed as a rewarding and lucrative career and there are plenty of areas for a lawyer to specialize in.

One of the areas considered both challenging as well as lucrative is criminal law. Criminal lawyers are given the opportunity to work in both defense and prosecution, and they can even pursue a career as a trial judge.

People that have been charged with a certain criminal act are the ones being represented by criminal lawyers. The criminal attorneys then go on to present all the evidence, represent their clients by arguing on their behalf as well as make sure that their rights aren’t being violated during the process in which these proceedings take place. And just like all other lawyers, criminal lawyers also abide strict codes of ethics and behavior.

In order for an individual to obtain a successful career as a criminal lawyer, there are certain education steps for them to take at first:

Usually the requirements in terms for education are four years of undergraduate studies, and then followed by 3 years of additional law school. And for the law school admissions, a bachelor’s degree is what’s necessary. The courses are taken in a number of different areas, ones considered an asset.

How a criminal defence attorney may help you?

Some of those courses include: English, public speaking, government, philosophy, history, social studies, etc. These have always been considered useful and a degree in criminal justice is certainly useful when applying to a law school. An individual might even consider volunteering or working in other areas of criminal law as well.

The additional step a person has to take after they’ve graduated is to apply to a law school that is both recognized as well as accredited. At first they’ll have to take the LSAT, which is short for Law School Admissions Test. This particular exam is used as an assessment tool by law schools and is given quarterly at hundreds of locations throughout the North American continent. It is designed to assess the potential for an individual practicing law.

In most instances, the law school acceptance is going to depend upon the undergraduate’s school standing within the educational community, the LSAT scores as well as previous work experience. On top of that, there might be an interview necessary. As soon as they’ve been accepted into a law school, individuals face three years of intensive study. At the end of those three years, if everything has gone as necessary – they’re able to attain their law degree. A juris doctor (J.D.) is awarded to all law school graduates.

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Criminal Justice Careers

criminal justice careers

 What Are Some Possible Careers In Criminal Justice?

Careers in criminal justice revolve around the systems that are put in place by governments so that those who commit crimes be apprehended, arrested and prosecuted. The end purpose is that social order be maintained. When obtaining a degree in criminal justice, one can work in law enforcement or the government.

Most of those working in criminal justice possess at least a bachelor’s degree, while the high ranking officials will almost always have a masters degree.

When studying a criminal justice major, the aim is for both crime and justice to be understood, while the role of law enforcement and of courtrooms is emphasized. While the criminal justice field has gained popularity due to exciting television shows, real life is not exactly how these shows suggest might be.

Criminal justice is an exciting field, but it requires long hours of work, dealing with frustrating cases that go nowhere, having suspects and witnesses who refuse to cooperate to work with.

How to Choose the Right Criminal Justice Career

Those who feel ready for this type of job and study for a degree in criminal justice will have to learn the technicalities of the law, public policy and to develop communication, analytic and problem solving skills. The focus of the studies can be chosen from different areas of criminal justice, for example law enforcement, homeland security or forensic science. Here are some of the job opportunities in criminal justice:

  • Police officer
  • Detective
  • Lawyer
  • Private investigator
  • Court reporter
  • Correctional officer
  • Probation officer
  • Counselor
  • Fish and game warden
  • Crime scene investigator (CSI)
  • Paralegal
  • Social and human service assistant
  • Social worker
  • Firefighter

Here are some of these jobs, presented in more detail:

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